William Bennett Kouwenhoven (13 January 1886 - 10 November 1975) received his bachelor's and master's degrees in Engineering from Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute in 1906 and 1907, respectively. In 1913, he received his doctorate from Karlsruhe Technische Hochschule. He was an electrical engineering instructor at Washington University for the 1913-1914 academic year. Following this, he joined the Johns Hopkins faculty and was Dean of the Johns Hopkins School of Engineering from 1938 to 1954. He is most well-known for inventing the cardiac defibrillator in 1931. He also helped to develop the technique of CPR. He was awarded the IEEE Edison Medal in 1961 for his electrical and medical contributions. He also received an Albert Lasker Clinical Research Award in 1973 and a Scientific Achievement Award from the American Medical Association.